How to Read Braille


Braille is a method of reading and feeling text through touch, rather than sight. It is mainly used by those with impaired vision; however, sighted people can read Braille as well. There are many reasons for this, especially for those with a blind or visually impaired person in their household. There are many types of Braille, including musical, mathematical, and multiple types of literary Braille. The most commonly taught and used is Grade 2 Literary Braille, which is covered here.
Learn the positions of the 6 dots in a Braille cell. The individual cells have no intrinsic meaning; the meaning changes depending on which Braille system you are reading. However, knowing where the dots and empty spaces are is important to being able to read Braille. Braille printed for the sighted may have “shadow dots” in the empty spaces; Braille for the blind will not have these.
Learn the first 10 letters (A-J) of the alphabet. These letters use only the the top 4 dots of the 6 in the cell.
Learn the next 10 letters (K-T). These are identical to letters A through J, except they have an additional dot in position 3.